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what does a periodontist do?

A periodontist is a dental specialist who focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and bone. The field of dentistry that a periodontist specializes in is called periodontology. Their expertise extends beyond general dental care to address complex issues related to the gums and surrounding tissues.

One primary responsibility of a periodontist is the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. These conditions involve inflammation and infection of the gums, which, if left untreated, can lead to damage to the supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontists use various techniques, including scaling and root planning (deep cleaning), to remove plaque and tartar from below the gumline and smooth the tooth roots to promote healing.

Periodontists are also skilled in performing surgical procedures when necessary. These may include gum grafts to treat receding gums, pocket reduction surgery to eliminate deep pockets between the teeth and gums, and bone grafting to restore bone loss in the jaw.

Another critical aspect of a periodontist's role is dental implant placement and maintenance. They are trained to assess a patient's eligibility for dental implants, surgically place the implants in the jawbone, and ensure proper healing. Additionally, periodontists may perform procedures such as crown lengthening to expose more of the natural tooth structure, improving the success of restorative treatments.

Beyond treatment, periodontists are actively involved in preventive care and patient education. They educate patients on effective oral hygiene practices and offer guidance on lifestyle factors that can impact gum health. Regular check-ups with a periodontist are essential for individuals with a history of gum disease or those seeking specialized care for their periodontal health.

In summary, a periodontist plays a vital role in preserving and restoring the health of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth. Their expertise encompasses a range of treatments, from non-surgical interventions to complex surgical procedures, with the ultimate goal of promoting optimal oral health and preventing the progression of periodontal diseases.

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